Light-frame construction using standardized dimensional lumber has become the dominant construction method in North America because of its economy. Use of minimal structural material allows builders to enclose a large area with minimal cost, while achieving a wide variety of architectural styles. Modern light-frame structures usually gain strength from rigid panels (plywood and other plywood-like composites such as oriented strand board (OSB) used to form all or part of wall sections) but until recently carpenters employed various forms of diagonal bracing to stabilize walls. Diagonal and horizontal bracing remains a vital interior part of many roof systems, and in-wall wind braces are required by building codes in many municipalities or by individual provincial laws in Canada. Special framed shear walls are becoming more common to help buildings meet the requirements of earthquake engineering and wind engineering and the use of laminated lumber for lintels is also more common.

Our standard method of constructing our stud framed buildings includes the following specifications:

  • 2 x 6 or 2 x 8 solid or finger joint spruce studs
  • 2 x 6 or 2 x 8 pressure treated grade planks
  • construction grade lumber for purlins
  • engineered trusses and floors
  • 29 gauge, high tensile, galvanized high rib roofing
  • colored high rib wall cladding (optional)
  • necessary flashing and fasteners
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